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dc.creatorMayorga Gross, Ana Lucía
dc.creatorEsquivel Rodríguez, Patricia
dc.date.accessioned2022-03-16T13:17:38Z
dc.date.available2022-03-16T13:17:38Z
dc.date.issued2019
dc.identifier.citationhttps://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/11/5/1163
dc.identifier.issn2072-6643
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10669/86102
dc.description.abstractCocoa is continuously drawing attention due to growing scientific evidence suggesting its effects on health. Flavanols and methylxanthines are some of the most important bioactive compounds present in cocoa. Other important bioactives, such as phenolic acids and lactones, are derived from microbial metabolism. The identification of the metabolites produced after cocoa intake is a first step to understand the overall effect on human health. In general, after cocoa intake, methylxanthines show high absorption and elimination efficiencies. Catechins are transformed mainly into sulfate and glucuronide conjugates. Metabolism of procyanidins is highly influenced by the polymerization degree, which hinders their absorption. The polymerization degree over three units leads to biotransformation by the colonic microbiota, resulting in valerolactones and phenolic acids, with higher excretion times. Long term intervention studies, as well as untargeted metabolomic approaches, are scarce. Contradictory results have been reported concerning matrix effects and health impact, and there are still scientific gaps that have to be addresed to understand the influence of cocoa intake on health. This review addresses different cocoa clinical studies, summarizes the different methodologies employed as well as the metabolites that have been identified in plasma and urine after cocoa intake.en
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Costa Rica/[735-B5-050]/UCR/Costa Rica
dc.format.extent1-31
dc.language.isoeng
dc.sourceNutrients, 11(5), pp. 1-31
dc.subjectCocoaen
dc.subjectChocolateen
dc.subjectMetabolitesen
dc.subjectBiomarkersen
dc.subjectMetabolomicsen
dc.subjectUrineen
dc.subjectPlasmaen
dc.subjectProcyanidinsen
dc.subjectMethylxanthinesen
dc.subjectPolyphenolsen
dc.titleImpact of cocoa products intake on plasma and urine metabolites: a review of targeted and non-targeted studies in humansen
dc.typeartículo científico
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/nu11051163
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Investigación::Unidades de Investigación::Ciencias Agroalimentarias::Centro Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnología de Alimentos (CITA)
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Docencia::Ciencias Agroalimentarias::Facultad de Ciencias Agroalimentarias::Escuela de Tecnología de Alimentos
dc.identifier.codproyecto735-B5-050


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