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  • Ítem
    Everyday Time: The Triumph of Each Day in Julieta Dobles’ Los pasos terrestres
    (2014-01-30 00:00:00) Palacios Robles, María de los Ángeles
    The poems, The terrestrial steps, Julieta Dobles Izaguirre contains a poem that includes and reappraises the everyday aspects of existence. It includes the qualities of the time that print you the pace to the experience of every day. Every day is the sign that used to point out that life experiences are carried out in daily living, that experience is also the everyday events of life itself divided into morning, afternoon and evening, as well as life passes by childhood, adulthood an old age.Every day is the time confluence of multiple temporalities, biological, psychological, linear and cyclic time where “Today” is a timeless and fleeting moment.
  • Ítem
    The Aesthetic of Rest in the Representation of Azorín’s Small Provincial Towns
    (2014-01-30 00:00:00) Cuvardic García, Dorde
    This article analyzes the aesthetic of rest and small philosophy in Azorín´s work, associated to the representation of the indolent, apathetic towns and cities. The eternal return, as seen from Nietzsche´s pessimistic viewpoint, dominates the temporality of small provincial cities represented in his novels and essays: the notion of Progress has disappeared. Monotonous repetition of the same rites and practices dominates this space. For Azorín, when faced with this nihilistic landscape, subjects with intellectual concerns must find their place in the world through the modest enjoyment of small pleasures, those that arise from objects and everyday experiences, symbols of the “national soul”. This is the action plan of small philosophy. Its literary formulation is channeled through the aesthetic of rest, which describes silence, stillness, the paused pace of activities and steady beat of the bells in these social spaces.
  • Ítem
    City and Poetry: The Stage and Language
    (2014-01-30 00:00:00) Boccanera, Jorge
    The author explores the relation between city and poetry, regarding to contents of the urban landscape that inspire poetic creation. It specifically examines urban cultural forms, such as infrastructure, speech, customs, social relations, that make up a particular habitat immediately contrasting with the rural landscape: the bucolic setting of the countryside to the overwhelming metropolis. The city has served well to inspire the work of poets such as Lorca, Hemingway and Borges.
  • Ítem
    The Gaze in Leopoldo Lugones’ “Los ojos de la reina”: A Fragmented Reading
    (2014-01-30 00:00:00) Longan Phillips, Shirley
    “Los ojos de la reina” by Leopoldo Lugones deals with the strange death of Mr. Neale Skinner; all evidence leads toward Sha-it-Athor, The Lady of the Gaze, a beautiful Egyptian who is the reincarnation of Queen Hatshepsut. This paper reads this short story following Jacques Lacan’s ideas in “The Split Between the Eye and the Gaze”. The article, written in fragments, revolves around the gaze, the fate, the double, among others.
  • Ítem
    The Drawing Model Collection of the National Academy of Fine Arts
    (2014-01-30 00:00:00) Sánchez Zumbado, Jimena
    This paper describes the origin and usage of the graphic portion of the oldest collection that the University of Costa Rica owns: the Drawing Model Collection. Which was brought to the country as part of the teaching materials acquired by the Government of Costa Rica for the foundation in 1897 of the National Academy of Fine Arts. This collection of French origin and designed by the master draftsman and painter Bernard Romain Julien (1802- 1871) was a mean used for teaching drawing from which the teachers and students of the first Art Academy in the country fed.
  • Ítem
    Enlightenment Thought in Music
    (2014-01-30 00:00:00) Rojas Zeledón, Ivette
    The Enlightenment thought of XVIII century about the reason, criticism, autonomy, progress and education, may be difficult to distinguish in the music of the time, however, we will find it in a new form of composition, in which the structure reflects all theenlightenment intellectuals, criticism ironic, and hall meetings. The following article makes clear how the composer Joseph Haydn, use these elements in an innovative form and ahead of his time, experimenting with music and audience reaction.
  • Ítem
    University Autonomy: Notes for Discussion
    (2014-01-30 00:00:00) Muñoz Varela, Luis
    This essay offers a brief reflection on the concept of university autonomy, focusing on addressing two critical issues: a) the implications for public university carries the emergence of a new conception of knowledge, defined as pragmatic, instrumental and utilitarian, b) institute seeks changes in public universities by the government authorities and other agencies (national and international), as part of what may be called a process of transformation of the institutionalism of the State of Costa Rica, that began a quarter century ago and which is developed in synch with the establishment of the country’s new economic model of trade openness, foreign direct investment, “competitive advantage”, “production and exportniche”, international free trade agreements.
  • Ítem
    Notes for a Sketch on the History of Women
    (2014-01-30 00:00:00) Fallas Arias, Teresa
    Before approaching the history of women the fact that it was written by men should be considered. It was filled with prejudice, stereotypes and reproduced an androcentric rhetoric which converted the sexual differences of women into inequality and inferiority. In this inquiry the sexual differentiation is valued as complementary and rich as it allows the staging of languages and knowledge previously despised, invisible and annulled during centuries. To think about half of humanity in these times means rejecting the univocal and identical history which hid the experiences of women, to tell them without intermediates and interpreters prone to institutionalized history. 
  • Ítem
    The Contemporary and the Crisis of Empirical Reality: Theoretical Confrontations
    (2014-01-30 00:00:00) Rodríguez Jiménez, Leda
    This article plunges itself into de contemporary to examine its implications by exploring and confronting different theoretical and philosophical positions. Of whom or what are we contemporaneous to? What is the meaning of the concept nowadays? It seems that one of the essential characteristics emerges with and due the unstoppable proliferation of Media. This situation has deeply eroded the concepts of reality and subjectivity. Reality –viewed from the microscope sphere, aesthetic theory in connection with its alleged antithetical pair: fiction- as well as subjectivity –from cogito to the contemporary Media Societies- are all grounds for reflection proposed throughout the article.
  • Ítem
    Democracy, Power and Minorities in Bertrand Russell
    (2014-01-30 00:00:00) Carvajal Villaplana, Álvaro
    This article offers an analysis of democracy as taming of the power, according Bertrand Russell (Power, 1938). Defense of minorities is implied by this concept of democracy, and in this paper, that defense is amplified to the defense of sexual minorities. Besides, the idea of democracy is related to the Leibniz notion about ethical control of the government, and also, to the idea of empty democracy by Jacques Ranciére.
  • Ítem
    Evolutionary Epistemology and Plato’s Knowledge
    (2014-01-30 00:00:00) Masís Iverson, Katherine
    This paper briefly compares evolutionary epistemology and knowledge according to Plato. First, Plato’s approach to knowledge as portrayed in his Theaetetus is described, followed by Nathalie Gontier’s characterization of evolutionary epistemology. Finally, points of agreement and disagreement between Plato’s epistemology and evolutionary epistemology are discussed.
  • Ítem
    Time Lost in the Archives
    (2014-01-30 00:00:00) Broncano, Fernando
    The author analyze the trend, determined by the evolution of contemporary technologies, towards the consolidation of a culture that privileges the novelty and immediacy above the heritage, and that therefore replaces institutions of historical memory, such as archives, libraries and museums, for private practices of mass and compulsive storage centered on trivial or not discerned information. Besides, this paper research the epistemological, ethical and political issues involved in this rise of a technological culture which is compromised with an inmediatist orientation.