Volumen 39, Número 1

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  • Ítem
    Reseñas
    (2014-03-17 00:00:00) Cuvardic García, Dorde; Chen Sham, Jorge; Víquez Jiménez, Alí; Guillén Solano, Patricia
  • Ítem
    Impuesto a la carne: la irrupción de una escritura antiedípica y anárquica, desde la abyección del cuerpo femenino
    (2014-03-17 00:00:00) Fallas Arias, Teresa
    In this approach to the novel Impuesto a la carne (2010) from the Chilean writer Diamela Eltit I analyze, from a gender perspective, the irruption of an anti-Oedipal and anarchic writing experimented by a mother and her daughter from the abjection of their own bodies. Besieged and powerless, facing a system that alienates and tortures them, they rehearse a narrative that bursts in the silence, in between the lines, in the incomplete phrases and the linguistic reiterations, a writing with which they reject the Patriarch and its laws, they tell the silenced as the official account and rebel against sociocultural roles.
  • Ítem
    Seres monstruosos y cuerpos fragmentados. Sus representaciones en dos relatos fantásticos de Alberto Chimal
    (2014-03-17 00:00:00) Caamaño Morúa, Virginia
    This study analyzes the formal and discursive strategies through which two fantasy texts by Mexican Alberto Chimal are built, as their specific characteristics are pointed out. The behavior of protagonists is highlighted as a fundamental axis, in light of their presence as monsters that make possible the irruption of the fantastic, ambiguos and sinister.
  • Ítem
    La fragmentación del cuerpo femenino y la degradación del yo lírico a partir de la escritura femenina en La Mano Suicida
    (2014-03-17 00:00:00) Araya Jiménez, Xinia
    This article analyzes the work of Maria Montero entitled La mano suicida, which shows the formation of the female lyric writing from the fragmentation of the female body and its degradation as a subject writer. It takes into consideration the classification attributed by Francisco Rodriguez Cascante (2006) on Costa Rican contemporary poetry, in which she argues that the work of Montero responds to individualistic poetry. Similarly, literary creation will be considered as the means of communication used by the lyrical first to bring out it’s social unrest.
  • Ítem
    Más allá de la letra: cuerpo y escopicidad en la poesía de Ana Rossetti
    (2014-03-17 00:00:00) Marín Calderón, Norman David
    The poetry of Ana Rossetti (1950-) is filled with different streams of eroticism which reveal the stamp of a eroticized body expressed on her creative page. This relationship between body, writing and eroticism is the result of certain subversion that is born from words against the current hegemonic rules. Therefore, the poet’s writing slogan consists of inscribing her body in the poem making her text, sex, and in that way, she can speak from authentic subjective spaces. This type of body writing takes place when the pleasure of the senses is recovered and placed in the border between the desire of the sex and the enjoyment of the text. Here gaze—and its relation to the image, the scopic drive, and the mirror stage—realizes the tense between the pleasure of the flesh and the vicinity of the Other.
  • Ítem
    Jardines del cuerpo que se fragmenta
    (2014-03-17 00:00:00) Herrera Ávila, Tatiana
    This article will present an analysis on the subject of the fragmentation of the beloved’s body that the lover does in his romantic speech. For this, it will take as a central axis the case of the novel Los Jardines Secretos De Mogador (The Secret Gardens of Mogador) by the Mexican writer Alberto Ruy Sanchez, and it will fundamentally take from the theoretic application that Roland Barthes exposes in A Lover’s Discourse: Fragments, it will also take as starting points some central notions of freudian psychoanalysis, such as the impossibility of completeness and the body as a limit to the subject.
  • Ítem
    Cuerpos desgarrados: textualidades desgarradoras. Una aproximación a la escritura de Claudia Hernández
    (2014-03-17 00:00:00) Rodríguez Corrales, Carla
    The contemporary American literary production constitutes a space for the subjects identity (des) configuration and the collapse of the cultural-imaginary speech. This premise requires search and constant re‐signifying. For this reason, the following work focuses on the study of the ‘cuentario’ De fronteras (2007) of the salvadoran writer Claudia Hernández. The reading of this proposal allows approaching to the body-subjects (des)construction types that live both the literary and cultural textualities and – as a counterpoint - enables the body-subjects (des) articulation of the imaginary and cultural texts. Therefore, we’ll talk about textual bodies, fragmented spellings, corporeal cracks that can become stressed when trying to ‘be’, ‘live’: ‘say’.
  • Ítem
    Las manos como símbolo, huella física del trabajo y proyecto ético en “Manos de obrero”, de Gabriela Mistral
    (2014-03-17 00:00:00) Cuvardic García, Dorde
    The human body is a recurring theme in Gabriela Mistral’s poetry. In “Manos de obrero”, from her poetry collection Lagar, the Chilean poet carries out a Marxist panegyric of the worker’s labor by focusing on the hands, a classic synecdoche of this social class. In addition, what stands out in Mistral’s poem is the detailed physical description of these hands marked by physical work. The hand here is inscribed with the effects of the exploitation of labor. Finally, the hand carries out an ethical, humanitarian function when, through the fruits of its labors, it provides daily necessities for its subjects, such as protection and affection. This article also relates these three modes of representation of the hand (iconographic, corporal/material and ethical) within the framework of Occidental labor discourse as well as the representation of the body in Mistral’s poetry.
  • Ítem
    La representación del cuerpo dócil en El Infierno Verde de José Marín Cañas
    (2014-03-17 00:00:00) González Muñoz, Irene
    In the framework of research journey "Literary Representations of the Body", the objective of this article on the novel El infierno verde, of José Marín Cañas, is to demonstrate how the human body is represented in the context of war. For this, some of the proposals of Michel Foucault in Discipline and Punish and History of Sexuality, texts in which the author presents the body as the central element from which it is founded and practically symbolic social order are used.
  • Ítem
    Relaciones entre la representación antropomorfa-zoomorfa de piezas prehispánicas de la Región Central de Costa Rica y dos cartas de Juan Vázquez de Coronado del siglo XVI
    (2014-03-17 00:00:00) Vargas Benavides, Henry O.
    The following study analyzes two letters written in 1563 by the Spanish conqueror and peace-maker Juan Vasquez de Coronado in light of two general aspects: the first, a map taken from the book Garcimuñoz la ciudad que nunca murió by Carlos Molina Montes de Oca (1993) and a comparison with the Google Maps virtual platform. Here, the route followed by the conqueror with his troop of Spaniards and indigenous people from Garcimuñoz to Quepos and to the region of Coctos is examined. The second aspect is a series of four anthropomorphic figures carved in stone and a gold piece from the subregion of Diquis. All of them belong to the collection of the National Museum of Costa Rica. These figures contrast with the characteristics of those from settlements such as Quepos (the chieftainship of Corrohore) and the settlement of the Coctos Warriors described in both letters.
  • Ítem
    Del ayote al culantro: el cuerpo como imagen culinaria en la tradición popular y en los cuentos de Carmen Lyra
    (2014-03-17 00:00:00) Villalobos Villalobos, Carlos Manuel
    In the Costa Rican popular tradition there are a wide range of culinary metaphors, with fruits and vegetables. These products represents different parts of the human body and certain emotions. This article examines the visual privilege of human body in the oral tradition in Costa Rica. It compares the popular metaphors with the short stories by Carmen Lyra. This researching used the Semiotics of Meaning to examine the fragmentation of the body and erotic and thanatological archetypes and their relation with this discursive system.
  • Ítem
    Las inscripciones corporales del indio: canibalismo y desnudez en Pedro Cieza de León
    (2014-03-17 00:00:00) Chen Sham, Jorge
    Although rituals concerning the decoration of the body as a cannibalistic ritual might go unnoticed by the Eurocentric viewer because they do not have the capacity to observe in them neither practices of etiquette nor uses of a collective symbolism, they are valuable when you look in detail at the inscriptions of the body. Reconfiguring them within an environment in which a notion transforms itself into an idea that makes sense of cannibalism and nakedness, two topics, which are understudied indigenous subjects, are reviewed. To this end we analyze of the chronicle of Pedro de Cieza de Leon, who wrote the Chronicle of Peru, the dominion of the Incas (Sevilla 1553).
  • Ítem
    "...porque ninguna es perfecta si hemos de hablar por lo claro": un retrato de las mujeres en la literatura colonial costarricense
    (2014-03-17 00:00:00) Sancho Dobles, Leonardo
    In one of the three short theatrical plays, written by Joaquín de Oreamuno and Muñoz de la Trinidad and represented in de city of Cartago in 1809, it is made a physical description of women that could be well classified as a literary portrait. In this portrait it is mentioned from head to toes and gives valuable information of the uses and cultures of the time. From the parliaments of this theatrical piece, in this opportunity it is described the uses and cultures of the Costa Rican society in the colonial period.
  • Ítem
    El cuerpo femenino: retórica y argumentación en la poesía misógina medieval
    (2014-03-17 00:00:00) Campos Vargas, Henry
    Classic rhetoric offers different principles for epideictic and deliberative discourse. This paper applies them to understand the role of female body in some misogynistic poems of Medieval Age from an argumentative point of view.
  • Ítem
    La vagina dentada en un mito nivaclé: pérdidas como parte de la erotización corporal
    (2014-03-17 00:00:00) Arley Fonseca, Mauricio
    In nivacle myth “Water women”, from the naked corporality y uncultured, women motivate desire in men in order to approach to them. After anthropomorphous men capture them, they discover that those women have a particularity: they eat through vaginas, which are provided with sharped tooth. Men must practice rituals to be able to intercourse with them; if the practice doesn ́t happens through the ritual, the final will be violent, a real castration and not an opening and heritable erotic. The erotic ritual has as central practice: dancing, after performance those tooth will fall dawn from the vagina.
  • Ítem
    El cuerpo cósmico como metáfora del orden divino, natural y social: una interpretación del himno al Purusa (R.V. X, 90)
    (2014-03-17 00:00:00) Morales Harley, Roberto
    The Ṛg Veda is the oldest literary work in India. It consists of a collection of 1028 religious hymns, ordered in 10 books, whose composition dates back to approximately 1500 B.C., with the arrival of the Indo-Europeans to the subcontinent. The Puruṣa hymn (R.V. X, 90) is a cosmogonic text: it explains the origin of the world from the sacrifice of a primordial human being; and also a cosmological text: it supports the divine, natural and social order. In this paper, an interpretation of this literary image of the body is proposed as a determining factor for the caste systems adopted by Hindu society.