Anuario Centro de Investigación y Estudios Políticos, Volumen 4

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  • Ítem
    GEOGRAPHICAL CONSTRUCTION OF LIMON PROVINCE, COSTA RICA: POWER, CULTURE AND TERRITORY
    (2014-12-06 00:00:00) Gutiérrez Arguedas, Alberto; Jiménez Corrales, Andrés Gerardo; Martínez Solano, Luis Carlos
    A territorial analysis of Limón Province is made through a critical perspective of how this region was conceived and built throughout its history. We discuss about some geographical constructions and imaginaries made towards Limón from the capital, by reviewing a series of Costa Rican Geographies, books that have been used for education and knowledge of Costa Rican territory. An alternative way of interpreting Limón Province is presented, based on its culturally diverse territory and its possibilities.
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    ANALYSIS OF INSTITUTIONAL DESIGN IN SUPREME AUDIT INSTITUTIONS. THE CASE OF COSTA RICA
    (2014-12-06 00:00:00) Mora Brenes, Andrea
    This paper aims to understand the progress and setbacks they have experienced the supreme audit institution in Costa Rica in terms of institutional strength / weakness, after the reform in 1994. For this purpose the Organic Law of the Comptroller General of the Republic is analyzed Republic through three dimensions- legal, administrative and functional relationship with the state powers.
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    PUBLIC POLICIES ANALYSIS BASED ON ACTORS: A QUANTITATIVE MODEL APPLIED TO E-GOVERNMENT CASES IN COSTA RICA AND CHILE
    (2014-12-06 00:00:00) Cortés Morales, Roberto; Marín Raventós, Gabriela
    This paper describes an analytical model intended to explain and/or predict the possible success or failure of public policies. Given that is more difficult to define the context of public actions, this model proposes that actors’ characterization involved in potential solutions is a key input to understand policies. Assessing actors’ veto power and support provides quantitative indicators such as feasibility and legitimacy for a given policy. The model was applied to analyze some digital government cases on Costa Rica and Chile. In this article state procurement projects in both countries are shown to illustrate the potential of the model.
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    MOPT REFORM: A ANALYSIS FOR OPORTUNITIES OF INPROVEMENT
    (2014-12-06 00:00:00) Loría Salazar, Luis Guillermo; Arriola Aguirre, Raquel; Barrantes Jiménez, Roy; Campos Cruz, Carlos; Elizondo, Ana Luisa
    This article aims to bring inescapable aspects, from the point of view of LanammeUCR, should be incorporated in a practical way to the MOPT reform initiative that could be raised. Historically, different entities have referred to the need to reform the MOPT-CONAVI. Based on this, we can identify core issues to consider, as some of them are ultimately key elements to achieve a comprehensive reform, including: exercise MOPT rectory, the system approach and the role of actors, capacity planning, asset management and mainly technical management MOPT-CONAVI. The main aspects that LanammeUCR identified through the exercise of its law’s functions, are opportunities for improvement for MOPT-CONAVI and are considered complementary to achieve a consistent reform with established functions of a the lead agency.
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    POLITICAL HUMOR: ANALYSIS OF POLITICAL CARICATURE IN THE REFERENDUM 2007
    (2012-12-06 00:00:00) Vega Umaña, Lhiam
    The present article analyzes the political caricature, published on the cover of Semanario Universidad, during the referendum process developed in Costa Rica in 2007. The study exposes what is the role played by the political caricature, in the Costa Rican political system, during that juncture with respect to the Free Trade Agreement between Central America, Dominican Republic and the United States. (DR-CAFTA)
  • Ítem
    LOOKING FOR THE IDEA: PATHS FOR THE RESEARCH ABOUT ANARCHISM IN COSTA RICA DURING THE FIRST DECADES OF THE TWENTIETH CENTURY
    (2014-12-06 00:00:00) Llaguno Thomas, José Julián
    This paper studies the research literature refered to anarchist thought in Costa Rica during the first decades of the twentieth century. Given the short age of the line of research by the authors on this subject, the author presents a reconstruction of the main research lines to help locate anarchist political activity in Central America. The last part of the work sets a balance of posible reflections’ paths to establish a research agenda on anarchism in Costa Rica on the Central American context.
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    THE ELECTORAL JUDGE AS POLITICAL COMMUNICATOR
    (2014-12-06 00:00:00) Brenes Villalobos, Luis Diego
    This study pretends to examine the Costa Rican electoral judge’s behavior as a political communicator. Precisely, it looks at which measures this judge has adopted in order to contribute to a better exposition, circulation and comprehension of the rulings he delivers. To this purpose, the article looks over the evolution and changes in the communicational actions of the Costa Rican electoral judge during the nineties and it’s divided in four sections: 1) Brief introduction regarding the communicative responsiveness; 2) Institutional Political Communication; 3) Training, Web and Social Networks; 4) Corollary.
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    INNOVATION AND LEADERSHIP IN PARLIAMENTARY PROCESS: THE CASE OF IN VITRO FERTILISATION DEBATE
    (2014-12-06 00:00:00) Zúñiga Ramírez, César A.
    This article examines the Costarican parliamentary discussion of in vitro fecundation, on its first stage, from the point of view of innovation and leadership. In an interdisciplinary approach which integrates conceptual tools from Political Science and Administration, the study suspects that the parliamentary debate of the topic of interest is trapped in a not much innovative discussion and a very low leadership profile which ended up in a “loss-loss” decision. From this analysis the article concludes with a discussion of a model of political management proposal in order to guide the parliament debate of sensitive topics, taking advantage of assertive innovation and leadership.
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    THE HABIT OF VOTING: A THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK FOR UNDERSTANDING ELECTORAL CHANGE AND STABILITY
    (2014-12-06 00:00:00) Alfaro Redondo, Ronald
    Under circumstances of substantial turnout reductions, like those in the Costa Rican case in the last decade, the possibility that many more voters cultivate ‘habitual voting’ may constitute a key factor to revert such tendency in the medium term or in the long run. Why some people vote and others do not, has been the topic of an impressive amount of research attention and an expansive literature. In contrast to the field’s two dominant approaches that stress on the individual characteristics that make voters more likely to cast their votes or those that emphasize on the institutional features that influence citizens’ voting decisions, other scholars argue that turnout is better explained by persistence from one election to the next, which is habitual voting. In this paper I provide a theoretical framework that explores the effects of habits and their impact on political participation.
  • Ítem
    FREIDENBERG, Flavia y SUÁREZ-CAO, Julieta (eds). Territorio y poder: Nuevos actores y competencia política en los sistemas de partidos multinivel en América Latina.
    (2014-12-06 00:00:00) Morales Chacón, Ana María
    Reseña del libro "Territorio y poder: Nuevos actores y competencia política en los sistemas de partidos multinivel en América Latina."