Proteomic analysis of the mandibular glands from the Chinese crocodile lizard, Shinisaurus crocodilurus – another venomous lizard?

Fecha

2023

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artículo original

Autores

Calvete Chornet, Juan José
Lomonte, Bruno
Lorente, Carolina
Pla Ferrer, Davinia
Zollweg, Michael
Mebs, Dietrich

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Based on its phylogenetic relationship to monitor lizards (Varanidae), Gila monsters (Heloderma spp.), and the earless monitor Lanthanotus borneesis, the Chinese crocodile lizard, Shinisaurus crocodilurus, has been assigned to the Toxicofera clade, which comprises venomous reptiles. However, no data about composition and biological activities of its oral secretion have been reported. In the present study, a proteomic analysis of the mandibular gland of S. crocodilurus and, for comparison, of the herbivorous Solomon Island skink Corucia zebrata, was performed. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of the teeth from S. crocodilurus revealed a sharp ridge on the anterior surface, but no grooves, whereas those of C. zebrata possess a flattened crown with a pointed cusp. Proteomic analysis of their gland extracts provided no evidence of venom-derived peptides or proteins, strongly supporting the non-venomous character of these lizards. Data are available via ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD039424.

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REPTILES, DANGEROUS MATERIALS, PROTEINS, CHEMICAL ANALYSIS

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