Environmental monitoring and risk assessment in a tropical Costa Rican catchment under the influence of melon and watermelon crop pesticides

dc.creatorRodríguez Rodríguez, Carlos E.
dc.creatorMatarrita Rodríguez, Jessie Alejandra
dc.creatorHerrero Nogareda, Laia
dc.creatorPérez Rojas, Greivin
dc.creatorAlpízar Marín, Melvin
dc.creatorChinchilla Soto, Isabel Cristina
dc.creatorPérez Villanueva, Marta Eugenia
dc.creatorVega Méndez, Dayana
dc.creatorMasís Mora, Mario Alberto
dc.creatorCedergreen, Nina
dc.creatorCarazo Rojas, Elizabeth
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-01T16:17:00Z
dc.date.available2021-10-01T16:17:00Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.description.abstractA monitoring network was established in streams within a catchment near the Costa Rican Pacific coast (2008–2011) to estimate the impact of pesticides in surface water (84 samples) and sediments (84 samples) in areas under the influence of melon and watermelon production. A total of 66 (water) and 47 (sediment) pesticides were analyzed, and an environmental risk assessment (ERA) was performed for four taxa (algae, Daphnia magna, fish and Chironomus riparius). One fungicide and seven insecticides were detected in water and/or sediment; the fungicide azoxystrobin (water) and the insecticide cypermethrin (sediments) were the most frequently detected pesticides. The insecticides endosulfan (5.76 μg/L) and cypermethrin (301 μg/kg) presented the highest concentrations in water and sediment, respectively. The ERA revealed acute risk in half of the sampling points of the melon-influenced area and in every sampling point from the watermelon-influenced area. Safety levels were exceeded within and around the crop fields, suggesting that agrochemical contamination was distributed along the catchment, with potential influence of nearby crops. Acute risk was caused by the insecticides chlorpyrifos, cypermethrin and endosulfan to D. magna, fish and C. riparius; the latter was the organism with the overall highest/continuous risk. High chronic risk was determined in all but one sampling point, and revealed a higher number of pesticides of concern. Cypermethrin was the only pesticide to pose chronic risk for all benchmark organisms. The results provide new information on the risk that tropical crops pose to aquatic ecosystems, and highlight the importance of including the analysis of sediment concentrations and chronic exposure in ERA.es_ES
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Investigación::Unidades de Investigación::Ciencias Básicas::Centro en Investigación en Contaminación Ambiental (CICA)es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Costa Rica/[802-A8-016]/UCR/Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Costa Rica/[802-B7-508]/UCR/Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipOrganismo Internacional de Energía Atómica/[RLA5/050]/IAEA/Austriaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipOrganismo Internacional de Energía Atómica/[RLA5/053]/IAEA/Austriaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipOrganismo Internacional de Energía Atómica/[RLA5/061]/IAEA/Austriaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUnión Europea/[690918 H2020-MSCA-RISE-2015]/UE/Paises Bajoses_ES
dc.identifier.citationhttps://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0269749121010800
dc.identifier.codproyecto802-A8-016
dc.identifier.codproyecto802-B7-508
dc.identifier.doi10.1016/j.envpol.2021.117498
dc.identifier.issn0269-7491
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10669/84480
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.rightsacceso embargado
dc.sourceEnvironmental Pollution, vol.284, pp.117498es_ES
dc.subjectEnvironmentales_ES
dc.subjectMelones_ES
dc.subjectWatermelones_ES
dc.subjectPesticideses_ES
dc.subjectPesticide monitoringes_ES
dc.subjectRisk assessmentes_ES
dc.subjectTropical cropses_ES
dc.subjectSurface wateres_ES
dc.subjectSedimentes_ES
dc.subjectAGRICULTURA TROPICAL - INVESTIGACIONESes_ES
dc.subjectPRODUCTOS QUIMICOS AGRICOLAS - ASPECTOS AMBIENTALESes_ES
dc.titleEnvironmental monitoring and risk assessment in a tropical Costa Rican catchment under the influence of melon and watermelon crop pesticideses_ES
dc.typeartículo original

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