Characterization of the local tissue damage induced by LHF-II, a metalloproteinase with weak hemorrhagic activity isolated from Lachesis muta muta snake venom
Rucavado Romero, Alexandra
Flores Sánchez, Eladio
Gutiérrez, José María
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Local tissue damage induced by LHF-II, a 22-kDa hemorrhagic metalloproteinase from Lachesis muta venom was studied. Intravital microscopy experiments evidenced hemorrhagic events 2 min after LHF-II application onto cremaster muscle, characterized by microhemorrhages in capillary vessels and venules. However, histological analysis showed only mild hemorrhage in the gastrocnemius muscle. LHF-II degraded laminin, fibronectin and type IV collagen upon incubation in vitro, but was not cytotoxic to capillary endothelial cells in culture. Intramuscular injection of LHF-II induced a mild myonecrosis, with early small increments in plasma creatine kinase activity. It also induced edema in the mouse footpad at doses where hemorrhage is absent. Injection of LHF-II induced the synthesis of matrix metalloproteinases evidenced in muscle homogenates and in exudate samples. It is concluded that LHF-II has weak hemorrhagic and myotoxic activities, and that its role in the pathogenesis of L. muta-induced local tissue damage is associated with edema formation and degradation of extracellular matrix components, either directly or by activation of endogenous matrix metalloproteinases.
External link to the item10.1016/S0041-0101(98)00268-2
- Microbiología