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Evidence for benefits of argumentation in a Mayan indigenous population
Group discussion improves on individual reasoning performance for a wide variety of tasks. This improvement, however, could be largely specific to members of modern, schooled, affluent Western cultures. In two studies, we ...
The influence of power and reason on young Maya children's endorsement of testimony
Two important parenting strategies are to impose one's power and to use reasoning. The effect of these strategies on children's evaluation of testimony has received very little attention. Using the epistemic vigilance ...
Japanese preschoolers’ evaluation of circular and non-circular arguments
Observational and experimental data have revealed that preschoolers possess some argumentation skills, both in the production and the evaluation of arguments. However, these skills might have been fostered by the particular ...
The boss is always right: Preschoolers endorse the testimony of a dominant over that of a subordinate
Recent research has shown that young children rely on social cues to evaluate testimony. For instance, they prefer to endorse testimony provided by a consensual group than by a single dissenter. Given that dominance is ...
Cross-Cultural Differences in the Valuing of Dominance by Young Children
Developmental research suggests that young children tend to value dominant individuals over subordinates. This research, however, has nearly exclusively been carried out in Western cultures, and cross-cultural research ...