An augmented mixed–primal finite element method for a coupled flow–transport problem
Álvarez Guadamuz, Mario Andrés
Gatica Pérez, Gabriel Nibaldo
Ruiz Baier, Ricardo
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In this paper we analyze the coupling of a scalar nonlinear convection-diffusion problem with the Stokes equations where the viscosity depends on the distribution of the solution to the transport problem. An augmented variational approach for the fluid flow coupled with a primal formulation for the transport model is proposed. The resulting Galerkin scheme yields an augmented mixed-primal finite element method employing Raviart−Thomas spaces of order k for the Cauchy stress, and continuous piecewise polynomials of degree ≤ k + 1 for the velocity and also for the scalar field. The classical Schauder and Brouwer fixed point theorems are utilized to establish existence of solution of the con- tinuous and discrete formulations, respectively. In turn, suitable estimates arising from the connection between a regularity assumption and the Sobolev embedding and Rellich−Kondrachov compactness theorems, are also employed in the continuous analysis. Then, sufficiently small data allow us to prove uniqueness and to derive optimal a priori error estimates. Finally, we report a few numerical tests confirming the predicted rates of convergence, and illustrating the performance of a linearized method based on Newton−Raphson iterations; and we apply the proposed framework in the simulation of thermal convection and sedimentation-consolidation processes.
External link to the item10.1051/m2an/2015015
- Matemática