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dc.creatorKudla, Anna Marie
dc.creatorMiranda Garnier, Ximena
dc.creatorNijhout, Herman Frederik
dc.date.accessioned2022-06-28T21:07:20Z
dc.date.available2022-06-28T21:07:20Z
dc.date.issued2022-06
dc.identifier.citationhttps://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/10.1098/rspb.2021.2682es_ES
dc.identifier.issn0962-8452
dc.identifier.issn1471-2954
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10669/86819
dc.description.abstractTreehoppers of the insect family Membracidae have evolved enlarged and elaborate pronotal structures, which is hypothesized to involve co-opted expression of genes that are shared with the wings. Here, we investigate the similarity between the pronotum and wings in relation to growth. Our study reveals that the ontogenetic allometry of the pronotum is similar to that of wings in Membracidae, but not the outgroup. Using transcriptomics, we identify genes related to translation and protein synthesis, which are mutually upregulated. These genes are implicated in the eIF2, eIF4/p70S6K and mTOR pathways, and have known roles in regulating cell growth and proliferation. We find that species-specific differential growth patterning of the pronotum begins as early as the third instar, which suggests that expression of appendage patterning genes occurs long before the metamorphic molt. We propose that a network related to growth and size determination is the more likely mechanism shared with wings. However, regulators upstream of the shared genes in pronotum and wings need to be elucidated to substantiate whether co-option has occurred. Finally, we believe it will be helpful to distinguish the mechanisms leading to pronotal size from those regulating pronotal shape as we make sense of this spectacular evolutionary innovation.es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.sourceRoyal Society, 289, 1-9-.es_ES
dc.subjectMembracidaees_ES
dc.subjectdesarrollo morfológicoes_ES
dc.subjectINSECTOes_ES
dc.subjectBIOLOGÍA MOLECULARes_ES
dc.subjecttreehopperes_ES
dc.subjectEntylia carinataes_ES
dc.subjectpronotumes_ES
dc.titleThe roles of growth regulation and appendage patterning genes in the morphogenesis of treehopper pronota.es_ES
dc.typeartículo científicoes_ES
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2021.2682
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Docencia::Ciencias Básicas::Facultad de Ciencias::Escuela de Biologíaes_ES


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