|dc.description.abstract||The aim of this paper is to share some experiences, based on the Costa Rican
society, which address the risks of some of the intangible cultural heritage
and to estimate the role of different institutions facing the challenge of
safeguarding this heritage. This cultural heritage is threatened by the
substitution of identity and the transformations which result from allienation
or foreign imposition.
In the current phase of globalization, tourism has great influence in equity.
However, this industry may either play a role of threat or opportunity,
depending on the way it is inserted in public policies and programs of
heritage conservation. The ambiguity and complexity of this phenomenon
hinders the possibility of a clear and objective management in favor of
projects which include both sustainability of cultural heritage and tourism is a
particular region or village.
ICOMOS paid attention to this challenge by adopting the ―International
Charter on Cultural Tourism,‖ to facilitate and encourage dialogue between
the interests of the industry and the conservation of natural and cultural
heritage. However, it is difficult to follow the recommendations provided in
this document, as several factors influence the achievement of this goal. On
one hand, there is the community which produces the assets and receives the
tourists and on the other hand, various public and private entities.
To overcome this challenge, we propose a tripartite partnership between
communities, municipalities or local governments and educational
institutions, both formal and informal. ICOMOS could assume an educational
role in this process.||es_ES