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dc.creatorGutiérrez, José María
dc.creatorLewin, Matthew R.
dc.creatorWilliams, David J.
dc.creatorLomonte, Bruno
dc.date.accessioned2021-03-01T18:30:06Z
dc.date.available2021-03-01T18:30:06Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationhttps://www.mdpi.com/2072-6651/12/2/131es_ES
dc.identifier.issn2072-6651
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10669/82932
dc.description.abstractThe phospholipase A2 (PLA2) inhibitor Varespladib (LY315920) and its orally bioavailable prodrug, methyl-Varespladib (LY333013) inhibit PLA2 activity of a wide variety of snake venoms. In this study, the ability of these two forms of Varespladib to halt or delay lethality of potent neurotoxic snake venoms was tested in a mouse model. The venoms of Notechis scutatus, Crotalus durissus terrificus, Bungarus multicinctus, and Oxyuranus scutellatus, all of which have potent presynaptically acting neurotoxic PLA2s of variable quaternary structure, were used to evaluate simple dosing regimens. A supralethal dose of each venom was injected subcutaneously in mice, followed by the bolus intravenous (LY315920) or oral (LY333013) administration of the inhibitors, immediately and at various time intervals after envenoming. Control mice receiving venom alone died within 3 h of envenoming. Mice injected with O. scutellatus venom and treated with LY315920 or LY333013 survived the 24 h observation period, whereas those receiving C. d. terrificus and B. multicinctus venoms survived at 3 h or 6 h with a single dose of either form of Varespladib, but not at 24 h. In contrast, mice receiving N. scutatus venom and then the inhibitors died within 3 h, similarly to the control animals injected with venom alone. LY315920 was able to reverse the severe paralytic manifestations in mice injected with venoms of O. scutellatus, B. multicinctus, and C. d. terrificus. Overall, results suggest that the two forms of Varespladib are effective in abrogating, or delaying, neurotoxic manifestations induced by some venoms whose neurotoxicity is mainly dependent on presynaptically acting PLA2s. LY315920 is able to reverse paralytic manifestations in severely envenomed mice, but further work is needed to understand the significance of species-specific differences in animal models as they compare to clinical syndromes in human and for potential use in veterinary medicinees_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.sourceToxins (2020) 12, e131es_ES
dc.subjectvarespladibes_ES
dc.subjectvenomes_ES
dc.subjectinhibitores_ES
dc.subjectphospholipase a2es_ES
dc.titleVarespladib (LY315920) and methyl Varespladib (LY333013) abrogate or delay lethality induced by presynaptically-acting neurotoxic snake venomses_ES
dc.typeartículo científicoes_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/toxins12020131
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Investigación::Unidades de Investigación::Ciencias de la Salud::Instituto Clodomiro Picado (ICP)es_ES


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