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dc.creatorHidalgo León, Hugo G.
dc.creatorAlfaro Martínez, Eric J.
dc.date.accessioned2018-08-14T21:08:50Zes_ES
dc.date.available2018-08-14T21:08:50Zes_ES
dc.date.issued2014-12es_ES
dc.identifier.citationhttp://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/joc.4216/fulles_ES
dc.identifier.issn1097-0088es_ES
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10669/75363es_ES
dc.description.abstractA total of 107 climate runs from 48 Coupled Model Inter-comparison Project 5 (CMIP5) general circulation models (GCMs) were evaluated for their ability to skillfully reproduce basic characteristics of late 20th century climate over Central America. The models were ranked according to metrics that take into consideration the mean and standard deviation of precipitation (pr) and surface temperature (tas), as well as the El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO)-pr teleconnection. Verification was performed by comparing model runs to observations and a reanalysis dataset. Based on the rankings, the best 13 models were further evaluated. Not surprisingly, the models showed better skill at reproducing mean tas patterns throughout the year. The skill is generally low for mean pr patterns, except for some models during March, April, and May. With a few exceptions, the skill was low for reproducing the observed monthly standard deviation patterns for both pr and tas. The ENSO-pr teleconnection was better simulated in the best 13 model runs compared to the sea-surface temperature global pattern characteristic of ENSO which showed low skill. The Inter-tropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) appeared better modeled in July than in January. In January, there were instances of a double ITCZ pattern. Some models skillfully reproduced the seasonal distribution of the Caribbean Low-Level Jet index (CLLJ). More detailed research evaluating the specific performance of the models on a variety of time-scales and using parameters relevant to these and other climatic features of Central America is needed. This study facilitates a pre-selection of models that may be useful for this task.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipCenter for Geophysical Research/[805-B3-413]/CIGEFI/Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipCenter for Geophysical Research/[805-A9-224]/CIGEFI/Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipCenter for Geophysical Research/[808-A9-180]/CIGEFI/Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipCenter for Geophysical Research/[805-A9-532]/CIGEFI/Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipCenter for Geophysical Research/[805-B3-600]/CIGEFI/Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipCenter for Geophysical Research/[808-B0-654]/CIGEFI/Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipIternational Climate Initiative (ICI) of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety/[]/BMUB/Alemaniaes_ES
dc.language.isoen_USes_ES
dc.sourceInternational Journal of Climatology, Vol 35. Núm 12, pp 3397-3421es_ES
dc.subjectModelo Climáticoes_ES
dc.subjectITCZes_ES
dc.subjectCaribbean Low-Level Jetes_ES
dc.subjectGCMes_ES
dc.subjectAmérica Centrales_ES
dc.subjectHabilidades_ES
dc.subject558.609 048 Climatología y estado atmosféricoes_ES
dc.titleSkill of CMIP5 climate models in reproducing 20th century basic climate features in Central Americaes_ES
dc.typeartículo científicoes_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.1002/joc.4216es_ES
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Investigación::Unidades de Investigación::Ciencias Básicas::Centro de Investigaciones Geofísicas (CIGEFI)es_ES
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Investigación::Unidades de Investigación::Ciencias Básicas::Centro de Investigación en Ciencias del Mar y Limnología (CIMAR)es_ES
dc.identifier.codproyecto805-B3-413es_ES
dc.identifier.codproyecto805-A9-224es_ES
dc.identifier.codproyecto808-A9-180es_ES
dc.identifier.codproyecto805-A9-532es_ES
dc.identifier.codproyecto805-B3-600es_ES
dc.identifier.codproyecto808-B0-654es_ES


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