Now showing items 331-350 of 368

    • The MILAN campaign: Studying diel light effects on the air-sea interface 

      Stolle, Christian; Ribas Ribas, Mariana; Badewien, Thomas H.; Barnes, Jonathan; Carpenter, Lucy J.; Chance, Rosie; Damgaard, Lars Riis; Durán Quesada, Ana María; Engel, Anja; Frka, Sanja; Galgani, Luisa; Gašparović, Blaženka; Gerriets, Michaela; Mustaffa, Nur Ili Hamizah; Herrmann, Hartmut; Kallajoki, Liisa; Pereira, Ryan; Radach, Franziska; Revsbech, Niels Peter; Rickard, Philippa; Saint, Adam; Salter, Matthew; Striebel, Maren; Triesch, Nadja; Uher, Guenther; Upstill Goddard, Robert C.; van Pinxteren, Manuela; Zäncker, Birthe; Zieger, Paul; Wurl, Oliver (2019)
      The sea-surface microlayer (SML) at the air-sea interface is < 1 mm deep but it is physically, chemically and biologically distinct from the underlying water and the atmosphere above. Wind-driven turbulence and solar ...
    • The necessity for tailoring seasonal climate forecast in Central America for urban and coastal areas, including physics and human dimensions 

      Alfaro Martínez, Eric J. (Memories of the WCRP Conference for Latin America and the Caribbean: Developing, linking, and applying climate knowledge, 2014-03)
      Recent assessment analyses in Central America showed that trends in the annual number of impacts and disasters related with hydro-meteorology causes cannot be explained by climate trends only. That means that other ...
    • The October 1891 Cartago (Costa Rica) floods from documentary sources and 20CR data 

      Amador Astúa, Jorge Alberto; Pribyl, Kathleen; Anderson, María José; Calderón Solera, Blanca; Pribyl, Kathleen (2018)
      This work comes to fill a fundamental gap in the history of Central American extreme climatic events by putting together qualitative and quantitative historical data and reanalysis information (the 20CR project) for the ...
    • The residence time of water vapour in the atmosphere 

      Gimeno Presa, Luis; Eiras Barca, Jorge; Durán Quesada, Ana María; Domínguez, Francina; van der Ent, Ruud; Sodemann, Harald; Sánchez Murillo, Ricardo; Nieto, Raquel; Kirchner, James W. (2021-07-13)
      Atmospheric water vapour residence time (WVRT) is an essential indicator of how atmospheric dynamics and thermodynamics mediate hydrological cycle responses to climate change. WVRT is also important in estimating moisture ...
    • The Role of Land Use Conversion in Shaping the Land Cover of the Central American Dry Corridor 

      Gotlieb, Yosef; García Girón, Jorge Daniel (2020)
      The Central American Dry Corridor (CADC) is a trans-border region characterized by climatic and ecological continuities. It is expected to experience rising aridity and severe hydro-climatic events due to climate change. ...
    • The role of lowlevel circulation on water vapour transport to central and northern South America: Insights from a 2D Lagrangian approach 

      Morales Salgado, Jose Sebastian; Arias Gómez, Paola Andrea; Martínez Agudelo, John Alejandro; Durán Quesada, Ana María (2020)
      The potential role of low-level circulation on the transport of atmospheric moisture towards Central America and northern South America is studied with the Dynamical Recycling Model (DRM) for the period 1981–2015. The net ...
    • The role of the meridional sea surface temperature gradient in controlling the Caribbean low-level jet 

      Maldonado Mora, Tito José; Rutgersson, Anna; Caballero, Rodrigo; Pausata, Francesco Salvatore Rocco; Alfaro Martínez, Eric J.; Amador Astúa, Jorge Alberto (2017)
      The Caribbean low‐level jet (CLLJ) is an important modulator of regional climate, especially precipitation, in the Caribbean and Central America. Previous work has inferred, due to their semiannual cycle, an association ...
    • The utility of daily large-scale climate data in the assessment of climate change impacts on daily streamflow in California 

      Maurer, Edwin P.; Hidalgo León, Hugo G.; Das, Tapash; Dettinger, Michael D.; Cayan, Daniel R. (2010-06-30)
      Three statistical downscaling methods were applied to NCEP/NCAR reanalysis (used as a surrogate for the best possible general circulation model), and the downscaled meteorology was used to drive a hydrologic model over ...
    • The Western U.S. Drought: How Bad Is It? 

      Piechota, Thomas C.; Timilsena, Janak; Tootle, Glenn; Hidalgo León, Hugo G. (2014-08-10)
      Historical stream flow records and the forecast for 2004 make the current (1999–2004) drought in the southwestern United States the worst one in the past 80 years for portions of the Upper Colorado River Basin (UCRB). For ...
    • La tormenta tropical de 1887 y su paso por las fuentes históricas costarricenses 

      Díaz Bolaños, Ronald Eduardo (Revista Estudios. Universidad de Costa Rica. No. 18-19. pág. 39-56.ISSN: 1659-1925/2004-2005, 2004)
      El estudio de la dinámica de los ciclones tropicales en la Cuenca del Atlántico Norte, ha cobrado un especial significado para el desarrollo de la meteorología costarricense debido a las implicaciones que tiene para ...
    • Tormentas y huracanes 

      Poveda, Germán; Amador Astúa, Jorge Alberto; Ambrizzi, Tercio; Bazo, Juan; Robelo González, Eduardo; Rubiera, José; Vicente Serrano, Sergio M. (2020)
      El cambio climático está causando y con mucha probabilidad causará en el siglo xxi una intensificación de las tormentas intensas y los huracanes, con graves consecuencias sociales, ambientales y económicas en los países ...
    • Trabajando con proyecciones o pronósticos climáticos 

      Pérez Briceño, Paula Marcela; Alfaro Martínez, Eric J.; Hidalgo León, Hugo G.; Arias, Maricruz (2021-05-27)
      Se presentan cuatro videos relacionados con el uso y entendimiento de las proyecciones y productos climáticos. Estos fueron divulgadas, como una actividad de extensión y divulgación (educación comunitaria), a través del ...
    • Tracer hydrology of the data-scarce and heterogeneous Central American Isthmus 

      Sánchez Murillo, Ricardo; Esquivel Hernández, Germain; Corrales Salazar, José Leonardo; Castro Chacón, Laura; Durán Quesada, Ana María; Guerrero Hernández, Manuel; Delgado, Valeria; Barberena Moncada, Javier Antonio; Montenegro Rayo, Katia Lily; Calderón Palma Heyddy; Chevez, Carlos; Peña Paz, Tania María; García Santos, Saúl; Ortiz Roque, Pedro; Alvarado Callejas, Yaneth; Benegas Negri, Laura Andrea; Hernández Antonio, Antonio; Matamoros Ortega, Marcela Isabel; Ortega, Lucia; Terzer Wassmuth, Stefan (2020)
      Numerous socio-economic activities depend on the seasonal rainfall and groundwater recharge cycle across the Central American Isthmus. Population growth and unregulated land use changes resulted in extensive surface water ...
    • Tracing Water Sources and Fluxes in a Dynamic Tropical Environment: From Observations to Modeling 

      Sánchez Murillo, Ricardo; Esquivel Hernández, Germain; Birkel Dostal, Christian; Correa Sandoval, Alfonso; Welsh, Kristen; Durán Quesada, Ana María; Sánchez Gutiérrez, Rolando; Poca, M. (2020)
      Tropical regions cover approximately 36% of the Earth’s landmass. These regions are home to 40% of the world’s population, which is projected to increase to over 50% by 2030 under a remarkable climate variability scenario ...
    • Transient aspects of the Hadley circulation forced by an idealized off‐equatorial ITCZ 

      González, Alex O.; Mora Rojas, Gabriela; Schubert, Wayne H.; Taft, Richard K. (2017)
      This paper presents analytical solutions of large‐scale, zonally symmetric overturning circulations in the tropical free troposphere forced by transient diabatic heating in the off‐equatorial intertropical convergence zone ...
    • Transporte de masa, momento angular y energia por la circulación meridional media durante la fase III del gate. 

      Amador Astúa, Jorge Alberto (Revista Ciencia y Tecnología, 7 (1): 153-182, 1983, 1983)
      Se estudian en este trabajo los transportes de masa, momento angular, energía potencial y cinética y los flujos de calor sensible y latente por la circulación meridional media para diferentes sectores de la escala A durante ...
    • Tres Colón en Cariay (1502): reflexiones sobre la flota, el mar, la tierra y la flora 

      Vargas Zamora, José A.; Alfaro Martínez, Eric J.; Gómez Laurito, Jorge
    • Tropical Cyclones Losses by Economic Sector in Costa Rica, Central America 

      Quesada Román, Adolfo; Hidalgo León, Hugo G.; Alfaro Martínez, Eric J. (2022-06-21)
      Tropical cyclones normally affect Central America and Costa Rica. Population growth and inefficient land use planning increases the exposure to natural hazards related to tropical cyclones such as landslides and floods. ...
    • Tropical Intraseasonal Modes of the Atmosphere 

      Serra, Yolande L.; Jiang, Xianan; Tian, Baijun; Amador Astúa, Jorge Alberto; Maloney, Eric D.; Kiladis, George N. (Reviews In Advance. vol 39: 5.1–5.27, 2014-08-06)
      Tropical intraseasonal variability (TISV) of the atmosphere describes the coherent variability in basic state variables, including pressure, wind, temperature, and humidity, as well as in the physical phenomena associated ...
    • Uso de herramientas estadísticas para la predicción estacional del campo de precipitación en América Central como apoyo a los Foros Climáticos Regionales. 1: Análisis de tablas de contingencia. 

      Fallas López, Berny; Alfaro Martínez, Eric J. (Revista de Climatología, Vol 12 (2012): 61-79, 2012-11-21)
      Se utilizó la técnica estadística del análisis de tablas de contingencia para elaborar esquemas predictivos de los campos de precipitación en América Central. Como primer paso, se produjeron índices de estos campos utilizando ...