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Why myotoxin-containing snake venoms possess powerful nucleotidases?
The venom of the snake Bothrops asper causes muscle necrosis, pain and inflammation. This venom contains myotoxins which cause an increase in intracellular Ca2+ concentration and release of K+ and ATP from myotubes. ATP ...
Muscle phospholipid hydrolysis by Bothrops asper Asp49 and Lys49 phospholipase A2 myotoxins – distinct mechanisms of action
Bothrops snakes are the major cause of ophidian envenomings in Latin America. Their venom contains myotoxins that cause prominent muscle damage, which may lead to permanent disability. These toxins include myotoxins Mt-I ...
Envenomations by Bothrops and Crotalus Snakes Induce the Release of Mitochondrial Alarmins
(PLoS Negl Trop Dis 6(2): e1526, 2012-02-21)
Skeletal muscle necrosis is a common manifestation of viperid snakebite envenomations. Venoms from snakes of the genus Bothrops, such as that of B. asper, induce muscle tissue damage at the site of venom injection, provoking ...