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dc.creatorSolano Mora, Luis Carlos
dc.creatorSalazar Villanea, Mónica
dc.creatorAraya Ortega, Luis Enrique
dc.creatorValdivieso Mora, Esmeralda
dc.creatorJohnson, David K.
dc.creatorChacón Araya, Yamileth
dc.creatorMoncada Jiménez, José
dc.date.accessioned2020-02-10T14:52:23Z
dc.date.available2020-02-10T14:52:23Z
dc.date.issued2019-06-01
dc.identifier.citationhttps://journals.lww.com/acsm-msse/Fulltext/2019/06001/Health_and_Fitness_Differences_Between_Urban_and.2763.aspxes_ES
dc.identifier.issn0195-9131
dc.identifier.issn1530-0315
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10669/80529
dc.descriptionProyecto 723-B3-339 (FUNDEVI # 2791-01). Edad, Fase1: envejecimiento saludable en zonas urbanas y rurales. (EDAD, Phase 1: Healthy Aging in Urban and Rural Areas. EDAD "The Epidemiology and Development of Alzheimer´s Disease)". NIH –Fogarty Grant Number: 1R21TW009665 – 01. Fogarty International Center (FIC), National Institute of Health (NIH). Universidad de Kansas-Universidad de Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.description.abstractCosta Rica has one of the highest life expectancies in America, even higher than the United States. Studies addressing health and fitness in Latin American urban and rural older adults are scarce. PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to test the hypothesis that older adults from rural areas present fewer negative health conditions and higher fitness than older adults from urban zones. METHODS: 298 participants aged 60 to 85 ( Urban n =18, Rural n = 110) completed a 29- item chronic diseases que stionnaire and performed the Senior Fitness Test: a) 6- min walking test (6 - MWT), b) 30-s Chair to-Stand Test, c) 30-s Arm Curl Test, d) timed up- and go test (TU G), balance time, and handgrip strength (HGS). Categorical variables were analyzed with non-parametric Chi2 and continuous variables with 2 x2 AN O V A (residency z one x gender). RESULTS: Urban women reported more chest pain (χ2 = 6.05, p = 0.014), more pacemakers (χ2 = 4.70, p = 0.030), diabetes (χ2 = 3.98, p = 0.046 ), and osteoarthritis (χ2 = 5.08, p = 0.024) than rural women. Urban men reported more chronic low back pain (χ2 = 5.65, p = 0.017) and depression (χ2 = 3.90, p = 0.048) than rural men. A higher diastolic blood pressure was observed in urban compared to rural older adults (Urban = 76.2 ± 0.9 mmHg kg vs. Rural = 70.2 ± 1.3 mmHg; p ≤ 0.001). Urban older adults showed better balance time than rural older adults (Urban = 22.8 ± 0.8 s vs. Rural = 18.4 ± 1.2 s; p = 0.003). Performance was similar between urban and rural older adults on the 6- MWT, 30-s Chair to-Stand, 30-s Arm Curl, TUG, and HGS tests (p > 0.05) . CONCLUSION: In spite of having similar physical fitness performance, Costa Rican urban men and women showed an overall negative health profile compared to rural older adults. Balance was the only functional variable positively observed in urban older adults.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Costa Rica/[723-B3-339]/UCR/Costa Ricaes_ES
dc.language.isoen_USes_ES
dc.sourceMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol.51(5)es_ES
dc.subjectProyecto EDADes_ES
dc.subjectEnvejecimiento saludablees_ES
dc.subjectPersona Adulta Mayores_ES
dc.subjectNeuropsicologíaes_ES
dc.subjectZonas azuleses_ES
dc.titleHealth and Fitness Differences Between Urban and Rural Costa Rican Older Adultses_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObjectes_ES
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Investigación::Unidades de Investigación::Ciencias Sociales::Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas (IIP)es_ES
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Docencia::Ciencias Sociales::Facultad de Educación::Escuela de Educación Físicaes_ES
dc.identifier.codproyecto723-B3-339


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