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dc.creatorGonzález Ilama, Gino Steven
dc.creatorMora Amador, Raúl Alberto
dc.creatorRamírez Umaña, Carlos José
dc.creatorLucchi, Federico
dc.creatorRouwet, Dmitri
dc.creatorForni, Francesca
dc.creatorAlpízar Segura, Yemerith
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-04T20:41:03Z
dc.date.available2019-07-04T20:41:03Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10669/78007
dc.description.abstractIn 1864-1866, Turrialba volcano had a strombolian eruption with some phases of phreatic and phreatomagmatic activity, that covered the Central Valley of Costa Rica with a variable thickness of ash. During this eruption, the ash fell up to the province of Puntarenas, 110 km west of Turrialba. After more than 100 years of hydrothermal activity, in 2005 the gas emission showed an increase of (HCl+HF)/CO2 and (SO2+H2S)/CO2 ratios (Vaselli et al. 2009), which indicates a change from a hydrothermal to a magmatic fluids source. Conforming with data from Hilton et al. (2010), we obtained increased values of R/Rair (4He/3He) from 6.85 to 8.2 and CO2 /3He from 9.4 to 19.6 x109. The highest values were measured in the SW crater. These geochemical changes were accompanied by an increase in seismicity and temperatures of the newly appeared fumaroles. After that, on January 2010, a new phreatic eruption occurred from a 100 m large, new vent in the inner wall of the SW crater. Small amounts of ash fell in the Capital San José. On 12 January 2012, a second phreatic eruption occurred along the rim between the SW and Central craters, near the Arbol Quemado gas fracture (which has been active since 2001). The day before this eruption molten sulphur flows were originated from Arbol Quemado. A third phreatic eruption on 21 May 2013 involved both the new vents simultaneously. All the erupted material was lithic. The volcanic unrest continued with tremor episodes and LP seismic signals accompanied by a further increase in the temperature of fumaroles, reaching 700 °C, as measured by FLIR thermal camera. During the night of 29-30 October 2014, a first strombolian eruption occurred as demonstrated by direct observation, temperatures near 900°C measured by FLIR thermal camera and the release of ballistic scoriaceous bombs and abundant magmatic gases (type 0; Leduc et al. 2015). This was the first magmatic eruption of Turrialba volcano since the major 1864-66 eruptive period. The eruption produced the collapse of a large portion of the eastern inner wall of the SW crater. Some scoriaceous bombs were collected during the following days, together with ash samples in different sectors of the summit area. Petrochemical analyses of the bombs were compared to those of the bombs of the 1864-66 eruption, in order to evaluate variations in the eruptive dynamics and feeding system. Early results revealed a basaltic andesitic composition with a similar petrography (plagioclase, pyroxene and olivine) and porphyricity compared to the 1864-66 iuvenile products. Morphoscopic SEM analyses of ash revealed the dominant occurrence of lithic fragments consisting of sulfate and hydrothermalized aggregates. This means that ash is almost entirely related to the phreatic explosions, as result of the wall collapse. Other eruptions occurred in December 2014, and, more recently, in March and April 2015. Ash fell in different provinces, including San José, and caused the closure of the international airport of Costa Rica for one day.es_ES
dc.language.isoen_USes_ES
dc.sourceDeep carbon observatory early career scientist workshop, University of the Azores, 31/08/15 - 5/09/15es_ES
dc.subjectVolcán Turrialbaes_ES
dc.subjectCosta Ricaes_ES
dc.subjectCenizaes_ES
dc.subject551.21 Volcaneses_ES
dc.titleThe last step of the volcanic unrest in Turrialba volcano: a new stage of magmatic eruptionses_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObjectes_ES
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Investigación::Unidades de Investigación::Ciencias Básicas::Centro de Investigación en Ciencias Geológicas (CICG)es_ES
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Docencia::Ciencias Básicas::Facultad de Ciencias::Escuela Centroamericana de Geologíaes_ES


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