Characterization of Mesocarp and Kernel Lipids from Jacq., [Kunth] Cortés, and Their Interspecific Hybrids
Lieb, Veronika M.
Kerfers, Margarete R.
Esquivel Rodríguez, Patricia
Jiménez García, Víctor
Schweiggert, Ralf M.
Steingass, Christof Björn
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Morphological traits, total lipid contents, and fatty acid profiles were assessed in fruits of several accessions of Elaeis oleifera [Kunth] Cortes,́ Elaeis guineensis Jacq., and their interspecific hybrids. The latter featured the highest mesocarp-tofruit ratios (77.9−78.2%). The total lipid contents of both E. guineensis mesocarp and kernel were significantly higher than for E. oleifera accessions. Main fatty acids comprised C16:0, C18:1n9, and C18:2n6 in mesocarp and C12:0, C14:0, and C18:1n9 in kernels. E. oleifera samples were characterized by higher proportions of unsaturated long-chain fatty acids. Saturated mediumchain fatty acids supported the clustering of E. guineensis kernels in multivariate statistics. Hybrid mesocarp lipids had an intermediate fatty acid composition, whereas their kernel lipids resembled those of E. oleifera genotypes. Principal component analysis based on lipid contents and proportions of individual fatty acids permitted clear-cut distinction of E. oleifera, E. guineensis, and their hybrids.
Enlace externo al ítem10.1021/acs.jafc.7b00604
- Tecnología en Alimentos