Blister formation and skin damage induced by BaP1, a haemorrhagic metalloproteinase from the venom of the snake Bothrops asper
Rucavado Romero, Alexandra
Gutiérrez, José María
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Blister formation and skin damage can be induced by BaP1, a haemorrhagic metalloproteinase from the venom of the snake Bothrops asper. Pathological changes in the skin were investigated after intramuscular injections of Bothrops asper haemorrhagic metalloproteinase BaP1. Blisters developed within the first hour, with separation of epidermis from the dermal-epidermal junction, whereas acantholysis of epithelial cells was not observed. After the third hour there was ulceration with formation of a proteinaceous scab and inflammatory infiltrate. By 7 to 14 days there was evidence of a regenerative process in dermis and epidermis. Haemorrhage occurred in both dermis and hypodermis as a consequence of BaP1 injection, together with damage of sebaceous glands and an inflammatory reaction in which enlarged macrophages were the predominant cell type. Zymography assays showed the presence of several endogenous metalloproteinases in the exudate, skin homogenates and plasma. In addition, BaP1 was detected in exudates and plasma by immunoblotting. This technique also demonstrated the presence of components immunologically related to laminin and collagen type IV in exudates. It is suggested that BaP1, and probably endogenous matrix metalloproteinases, degrade some protein components at the dermal-epidermal junction, inducing the formation of blisters.
- Microbiología