Chemical modification of histidine and lysine residues of myotoxic phospholipases A2 isolated from Bothrops asper and Bothrops godmani snake venoms: effects on enzymatic and pharmacological properties
Díaz Oreiro, Cecilia
Gutiérrez, José María
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Lysine and histidine residues of two myotoxic phospholipases A2, Bothrops asper myotoxin III and Bothrops godmani myotoxin I, were chemically modified in order to study the effects of these treatments on enzymatic and pharmacological properties. After lysine acetylation the overall basicity of these toxins was lost and their enzymatic activity was significantly reduced, although a residual effect remained, which corresponded to 25% of the activity of native toxins. This treatment abolished both myotoxic and anticoagulant effects, and partially reduced liposome-disrupting activity. Histidine alkylation with p-bromophenacyl bromide affected phospholipase A2, myotoxic and anticoagulant effects in a parallel way. After 24 hr of incubation with the alkylating reagent, these three activities were totally inhibited, in contrast to the liposome-disrupting effect which was only partially affected by this treatment. It is suggested that; (1) catalytic activity plays a role in the pharmacological effects of these myotoxins; (2) lysine residues are relevant for the toxic effects induced by these phospholipases A2; and (3) despite the apparent relevance of enzymatic activity to the pharmacological properties of these toxins, the dissociation observed in lysine acetylation experiments suggests that these myotoxins have a molecular region, different from the catalytic site, which might be also involved in the toxic effects observed.
External link to the item10.1016/S0041-0101(96)00128-6
- Microbiología