Antibody neutralization of a myotoxin from the venom of Bothrops asper (terciopelo)
Gutiérrez, José María
Moreno Robles, Edgardo
Cerdas Fallas, Luis
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Neutralization of biological activities of B. asper myotoxin by a monospecific anti-myotoxin rabbit serum and polyvalent antivenom was studied. Both antisera neutralized myotoxic, phospholipase A and lethal activities of myotoxin, whereas edema-forming activity of myotoxin was not neutralized by these antisera. Anti-myotoxin rabbit serum neutralized most of the myotoxic activity of B. asper venom, but did not neutralize phospholipase A activity of this venom. Neutralization curves showed that myotoxicity induced by myotoxin persisted at antivenom/toxin or antiserum/toxin ratios at which phospholipase A activity was completely neutralized. This suggests that myotoxicity does not depend upon enzymatic activity of the toxin. Antiserum to myotoxin neutralized approximately 70% of myonecrosis induced by crude B. asper venom. This demonstrates that myotoxin is the main factor responsible for the development of myonecrosis in envenomations by B. asper.
External link to the item10.1016/0041-0101(87)90078-X
- Microbiología