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Mortalidad de vertebrados en la carretera Guanare-Guanarito, estado Portuguesa, Venezuela

dc.creatorSeijas, Andrés Eloy
dc.creatorAraujo Quintero, Alexis
dc.creatorVelásquez, Nadines
dc.date2013-12-18
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-03T15:26:45Z
dc.date.available2016-05-03T15:26:45Z
dc.identifierhttp://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/rbt/article/view/12803
dc.identifier10.15517/rbt.v61i4.12803
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10669/25955
dc.descriptionRoads directly or indirectly affect the structure, dynamics and function of ecosystems that they traverse. Most studies on the effect of roads on wildlife focus on the evaluation of mortality of vertebrates by vehicle collisions. Despite the extensive road network that exists in Venezuela, studies of wildlife mortality in them are scarce. In this paper, we analyzed the temporal and spatial pattern of vertebrate’s collisions along the road Guanare-Guanarito, in Portuguesa state. We travelled 26 times between these towns (74km) to localize dead vertebrates, at a speed of 50-60km/h. of those trips were conducted from March 13 to October 26, 2010, and 10 additional trips from December 7, 2009 to December 14, 2010; these ones, with the aim to include months and seasons that were insufficiently sampled during the first period. The elapsed time between trips varied from 14 to 37 days. The total distance traveled was 1 924km. Dead animals found amounted 464 individuals, 66 of them were birds (25 identified species), 130 mammals (15 species) and 268 reptiles (18 species). The species with the highest number of individuals were the snake Leptodeira annulata (n=119), the oppossum Didelphis marsupialis (n=39) and the spectacled caiman Caiman crocodilus (n=33). Excluding domestic animals, the rate of road-killed vertebrates was 0.2282indiv./km, a figure 28.3% higher than previous studies in the same road. Changes in the relative number of collisions for some species, respect to the numbers reported 20 years ago, were linked to the increase in traffic flow and changes in land use. Road segments with collision rates higher than expected by chance were identified. Collition by cars may be the principal cause of mortality for species like the tamandua (Tamandua tetradactyla) and the giant anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), the last considered a vulnerable species. Some basic measures are proposed to reduce wildlife mortality on the road.en-US
dc.descriptionUno de los aspectos más investigados en relación a la “ecología de la carretera” es el atropellamiento de vertebrados silvestres. Se evaluó la distribución espacial y temporal de los atropellos de vertebrados en la carretera Guanare-Guanarito, estado Portuguesa, Venezuela. Desde 2008 hasta el 2010 se realizaron 26 viajes en carro a lo largo de 74km, a 50-60km/h, para un total recorrido de 1 924km. Se encontraron 464 animales muertos: 66 aves (25 especies), 130 mamíferos (15 especies) y 268 reptiles (18 especies). La serpiente Leptodeira annulata (n=119), el rabipelado Didelphis marsupialis (n=39) y la baba Caiman crocodilus (n=33) fueron las especies con mayor frecuencia de atropellos. Excluyendo a los animales domésticos, se localizaron 0.2282indviv./km; cifra 28.30% mayor que la reportada en estudios previos en la misma vía. Los cambios en la frecuencia relativa de atropellos de algunas especies con respecto a los reportados hace 20 años, se relacionan con el incremento en el flujo vehicular y por modificaciones en el uso de la tierra. Se identificaron segmentos donde el número de individuos atropellados supera al esperado por azar. Los atropellos pudieran ser la principal causa de mortalidad para especies como el oso melero (Tamandua tetradactyla) y el oso hormiguero (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), esta última considerada como una especie vulnerable. Se recomiendan algunas medidas básicas para disminuir la mortalidad de fauna en la carretera.es-ES
dc.formatapplication/pdf
dc.languagespa
dc.publisherUniversidad de Costa Ricaen-US
dc.rightsCopyright (c) 2014 International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservationen-US
dc.sourceRevista de Biología Tropical/International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation; Vol. 61 (4) December 2013en-US
dc.sourceRevista de Biología Tropical/International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation; Vol. 61 (4) December 2013es-ES
dc.sourceRevista Biología Tropical; Vol. 61 (4) December 2013pt-PT
dc.source2215-2075
dc.source0034-7744
dc.source10.15517/rbt.v61i4
dc.subjectroadkillsen-US
dc.subjectwildlife conservationen-US
dc.subjectvenezuelan llanosen-US
dc.subjectleptodeira annulataen-US
dc.subjectmyrmecophaga tridactylaen-US
dc.subjectfauna atropelladaes-ES
dc.subjectconservación de faunaes-ES
dc.subjectllanos de venezuelaes-ES
dc.subjectleptodeira annulataes-ES
dc.subjectmyrmecophaga tridactylaes-ES
dc.titleVertebrate mortality in the Guanare-Guanarito road, Portuguesa state, Venezuelaen-US
dc.titleMortalidad de vertebrados en la carretera Guanare-Guanarito, estado Portuguesa, Venezuelaes-ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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