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Morphological and physiological responses of seagrasses (Alismatales) to grazers (Testudines: Cheloniidae) and the role of these responses as grazing patch abandonment cues

dc.creatorLacey, Elizabeth A.
dc.creatorCollado Vides, Ligia
dc.creatorFourqurean, James W.
dc.date2014-12-01
dc.date.accessioned2016-05-03T15:25:17Z
dc.date.available2016-05-03T15:25:17Z
dc.identifierhttp://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/rbt/article/view/12844
dc.identifier10.15517/rbt.v62i4.12844
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10669/25628
dc.descriptionGreen sea turtles, Chelonia mydas, are grazers influencing the distribution of seagrass within shallow coastal ecosystems, yet the drivers behind C. mydas patch use within seagrass beds are largely unknown. Current theories center on food quality (nutrient content) as the plant responds to grazing disturbances; however, no study has monitored these parameters in a natural setting without grazer manipulation. To determine the morphological and physiological responses potentially influencing seagrass recovery from grazing disturbances, seagrasses were monitored for one year under three different grazing scenarios (turtle grazed, fish grazed and ungrazed) in a tropical ecosystem in Akumal Bay, Quintana Roo, Mexico. Significantly less soluble carbohydrates and increased nitrogen and phosphorus content in Thalassia testudinum were indicative of the stresses placed on seagrasses during herbivory. To determine if these physiological responses were the drivers of the heterogeneous grazing behavior by C. mydas recorded in Akumal Bay, patches were mapped and monitored over a six-month interval. The abandoned patches had the lowest standing crop rather than leaf nutrient or rhizome soluble carbohydrate content. This suggests a modified Giving Up Density (GUD) behavior: the critical threshold where cost of continued grazing does not provide minimum nutrients, therefore, new patches must be utilized, explains resource abandonment and mechanism behind C. mydas grazing. This study is the first to apply GUD theory, often applied in terrestrial literature, to explain marine herbivore grazing behavior.ncing. About 737 (527 unigenes) clones from the forward library and 757 (483 unigenes) clones from the reversed library were informative. Sequence BlastX analysis showed that there were more transporters and adenosylhomocysteinase-like proteins in E. crassipes cultured in nitrogen deficient medium; while, those cultured in nitrogen replete medium had more proteins such as UBR4-like e3 ubiquitin-protein ligase and fasciclin-like arabinogalactan protein 8-like, as well as more cytoskeletal proteins, including actin and tubulin. Cluster of Orthologous Group (COG) analysis also demonstrated that in the forward library, the most ESTs were involved in coenzyme transportation and metabolism. In the reversed library, cytoskeletal ESTs were the most abundant. Gene Ontology (GO) analysis categories demonstrated that unigenes involved in binding, cellular process and electron carrier were the most differentially expressed unigenes between the forward and reversed libraries. All these results suggest that E. crassipescan respond to different nitrogen status by efficiently regulating and controlling some transporter gene expressions, certain metabolism processes, specific signal transduction pathways and cytoskeletal construction.  en-US
dc.descriptionGreen sea turtles, Chelonia mydas, are grazers influencing the distribution of seagrass within shallow coastal ecosystems, yet the drivers behind C. mydas patch use within seagrass beds are largely unknown. Current theories center on food quality (nutrient content) as the plant responds to grazing disturbances; however, no study has monitored these parameters in a natural setting without grazer manipulation. To determine the morphological and physiological responses potentially influencing seagrass recovery from grazing disturbances, seagrasses were monitored for one year under three different grazing scenarios (turtle grazed, fish grazed and ungrazed) in a tropical ecosystem in Akumal Bay, Quintana Roo, Mexico. Significantly less soluble carbohydrates and increased nitrogen and phosphorus content in Thalassia testudinum were indicative of the stresses placed on seagrasses during herbivory. To determine if these physiological responses were the drivers of the heterogeneous grazing behavior by C. mydas recorded in Akumal Bay, patches were mapped and monitored over a six-month interval. The abandoned patches had the lowest standing crop rather than leaf nutrient or rhizome soluble carbohydrate content. This suggests a modified Giving Up Density (GUD) behavior: the critical threshold where cost of continued grazing does not provide minimum nutrients, therefore, new patches must be utilized, explains resource abandonment and mechanism behind C. mydas grazing. This study is the first to apply GUD theory, often applied in terrestrial literature, to explain marine herbivore grazing behavior.  Elizabeth A. Lacey1*, Ligia Collado-Vides2, James W. Fourqurean2 1School of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, The Richard Stockton College of New Jersey, Galloway, New Jersey 08205 USA; elizabeth.lacey@stockton.edu2Department of Biological Sciences, Florida International University, Miami, Florida 33199 USA; colladol@fiu.edu, jim.fourqurean@fiu.edues-ES
dc.formatapplication/pdf
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dc.languageeng
dc.publisherUniversidad de Costa Ricaen-US
dc.relationhttp://revistas.ucr.ac.cr/index.php/rbt/article/view/12844/15508
dc.rightsCopyright (c) 2014 International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservationen-US
dc.sourceRevista de Biología Tropical/International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation; Vol 62, No 4 (2014); 1535-1548en-US
dc.sourceRevista de Biología Tropical/International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation; Vol 62, No 4 (2014); 1535-1548es-ES
dc.sourceRevista Biología Tropical; Vol 62, No 4 (2014); 1535-1548pt-PT
dc.source2215-2075
dc.source0034-7744
dc.source10.15517/rbt.v62i4
dc.subjectseagrassen-US
dc.subjectThalassia testudinumen-US
dc.subjectpatch abandonmenten-US
dc.subjectChelonia mydasen-US
dc.subjectherbivoryen-US
dc.subjectgrazing behavioren-US
dc.subjectgiving up density (GUD)en-US
dc.subjectseagrasses-ES
dc.subjectThalassia testudinumes-ES
dc.subjectpatch abandonmentes-ES
dc.subjectChelonia mydases-ES
dc.subjectherbivoryes-ES
dc.subjectgrazing behaviores-ES
dc.subjectgiving up density (GUD)es-ES
dc.titleMorphological and physiological responses of seagrasses (Alismatales) to grazers (Testudines: Cheloniidae) and the role of these responses as grazing patch abandonment cuesen-US
dc.titleMorphological and physiological responses of seagrasses (Alismatales) to grazers (Testudines: Cheloniidae) and the role of these responses as grazing patch abandonment cueses-ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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