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Working Paper 27: The Double Challenge of Market and Social Incorporation: Progress and Bottlenecks in Latin America
Latin American countries have historically failed to secure market incorporation (e.g. people’s participation in the cash nexus, which in turn requires the creation of a sufficient number of formal well-paying jobs) and ...
The road to universal social protection: how Costa Rica informs theory
How are universal social programs built in countries on the periphery, where resources are more limited and initial inequalities higher than any ever seen in OECD countries? Historically it has been very difficult, and ...
Can Latin American Production Regimes Complement Universalistic Welfare Regimes? Implications from the Costa Rican Case
Much of the literature on political economy expects complementarities between (universal) welfare regimes and production regimes. This article draws from Costa Rica's showcase of human development and universalistic social ...
La construcción de universalismo y sus contradicciones: lecciones de los servicios de salud en Costa Rica, 1940-2011
Building universalism: Lessons from Costa Rica´s health services, 1940-2011
Con frecuencia la construcción del universalismo se asimila pragmáticamente a coberturas masivas –aunque los beneficios sean segmentados—o al modelo nórdico basado en impuestos generales y servicios generosos para todos ...
Should Policy Aim at Having All People on the Same Boat? The Definition, Relevance and Challenges of Universalism in Latin America
In recent years, attention to universal social policy has intensified in Latin America and other parts of the periphery. Definitions of universal social policy have traditionally varied between a minimalist approach ...
¿Cómo alcanzó Costa Rica la incorporación social y laboral?
En 1980, justo antes de la crisis de la deuda y en contraste con la experiencia del resto de América Latina, prácticamente toda la población costarricense contaba con empleos formales y servicios sociales de calidad. ...
Latin American capitalism: economic and social policy in transition
During the last theree decades, and contrary to expectations, Latin Americas economis performace has been poor nad many of its structural weaknesses have deepened. Despite the recent eport commodity boom, the regions average ...
Undoing segmentation? Latin American health care policy during the economic boom
For all the agreement regarding the segmented character of Latin America's social policy, few studies define it clearly, let alone suggest exact ways to measure it. This article provides a more precise definition based on ...