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dc.creatorMata Jiménez, Leonardoes_ES
dc.creatorRamírez, Giselle
dc.creatorQuesada, Jorge
dc.date.accessioned2015-06-11T21:31:16Z
dc.date.available2015-06-11T21:31:16Z
dc.date.issued1995
dc.identifier.issn0145-5680
dc.identifier.issn1165-158X
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10669/14056
dc.descriptionArtículo científico-- Instituto de Investigaciones en Salud. 1995es_ES
dc.description.abstractAcquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was first detected in Costa Rica in 1983. For four years most known cases were in hemophiliac men. Thereafter, AIDS in homosexual and bisexual men predominated. By December 31 of 1993, 563 persons had been diagnosed with the syndrome, 71% of them homosexual and bisexual men, 10% heterosexual men and women, 6% hemophiliacs, 2% intravenous drug abusers (IVDA' s), 2% women and men who had blood transfusions, 1.4% infants born to HIV-infected mothers and 7% unknown. The epidemics in homosexual/bisexual men and in heterosexual women and men are rising; cases in infants and in persons who received blood or coagulation factors, are stagnant. The steady increase in AIDS among women is linked to exposure to bisexual partners. The moderate nature of the national epidemic reflects, in part, the low incidence of IVDA, the universal screening of blood donors for antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) since 1985, and the prompt banning of unsafe coagulation factors. The projection of AIDS for the year 2000 is 2,304 cases (606 accumulated incidence per million inhabitants). A national educational campaign, radio and television programs and other preventive actions, apparently did not influence the rate of receptive anal intercourse without condom (about 80%) during 9 years of the epidemic. Persons with HIV/AIDS often are deprived of social and medical benefits or are subjected to harassment and exploitation by the health sector. More efficient prevention must target children, adolescents and adults in reproductive age, to promote safer lifestyles, through education and counseling effected through primary health carees_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipUniversidad de Costa Rica. Instituto de Investigaciones en Saludes_ES
dc.language.isoen_USes_ES
dc.sourceCellular Molecular Biology 41(1): S53-S63es_ES
dc.subjectAIDSes_ES
dc.subjectHIVes_ES
dc.subjecthomosexuales_ES
dc.subjectCosta Ricaes_ES
dc.subjecthemophiliaces_ES
dc.subjectBisexuales_ES
dc.subjectsex workeres_ES
dc.subjectreceptive anal intercoursees_ES
dc.subjecttourismes_ES
dc.subjectAIDS projectionses_ES
dc.subjectSalud públicaes_ES
dc.titleHIV/AIDS in Costa Rica: epidemiological and sociological features,1993es_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.typeArtículo científicoes_ES
dc.description.procedenceUCR::Vicerrectoría de Investigación::Unidades de Investigación::Ciencias de la Salud::Instituto de Investigaciones en Salud (INISA)es_ES


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